|An old but solid King's Pawn defence, named after
Andre Danican Philidor (the greatest
player of the 18th century and one of its chief exponents).
Black leaves the "Épine Dorsale" to reply 2..P-Q3(d6) in move 2 (left). The straightforward but passive (and sometimes cramped) nature of this defence does however give White some ground in the centre. Other more subtle defences that deny White an immediate 3.P-Q4 opportunity are more popular.
With careful play White has the better (more mobile) game, as Black's
King's Bishop becomes shut in after move 7 (remaining so, as seen by
move 10w, right).
Legall's Mate and a famous
"Opera Box Game"
(Paris, 1858) between Morphy and Brunswick/Isouard.
Groups or see move: