This Oscars list information was originally compiled in 1998 from various
sources as experimental material for a database project.
The database was soon abandoned (too much work!) but as the lists began
to look fairly nice, the pages have been kept up to date to show how
it's possible to present "moving picture" information in an interesting
way without being totally dependent on the actual pictures...
"Oscars" are awarded annually for outstanding individual or collective
efforts in each of (currently) 24 categories by A.M.P.A.S. (the Academy of
Motion Picture Arts and Sciences) in Hollywood - their official website at
www.oscars.org is always
worth a visit and includes a searchable database of all winers and nominees.
The actual term "Oscar" was only coined in the early 1930's (reputedly by
Academy librarian Margaret Herrick, who claimed the statuette looked like
her Uncle Oscar). The first Academy Awards ceremony
occurred in May 1929, in relation to films issued in Los Angeles County
between mid-1927 and mid-1928 (hence the term 1927/8 awards etc). The first
ceremony awarded 15 statuettes in relation to 13 categories. Over the years
since, the number of categories has grown as follows (now totalling 24):
- 1927/8: 13 categories:
Actor, Actress, Picture, Unique & Artistic Picture, Directing
(Comedy, Dramatic), Writing (Adaptation, Original Story, Titles),
Cinematography, Art Direction, Engineering Effects, Special Awards.
- 1928/9: Simplified to 9 categories:
Actor, Actress, Picture, Directing, Writing
(Adaptation, Original Story), Cinematography, Art Direction,
- 1929/30: + Sound
- 1934: + Film Editing, + Score (Musical, Drama/Comedy), + Song
- 1936: + Supporting Actor, + Supporting Actress
- 1939: + Special Effects
- 1941: + Documentary Film
- 1945: Doc.Film split into Doc. Feature + Doc. Short Subject
- 1948: + Costume Design
- 1956: + Foreign Language Film (previously Special/Honorary)
- 1955: + Set Decoration
- 1963: Special FX split into Visual Effects + Sound Effects
- 1976: (Sound Effects ceased)
- 1981: + Make-Up (previously Honorary), + Sound Effects Editing
- 2001: + Animated Feature Film
The 1997 Awards ceremony (in March 1998) was noteable for being the 70th
anniversary of the original presentation, by which time over 2,200
individual statuettes had been distributed as awards through the years.
All original website graphics by Pvh (EuDesign), except for "animated
spotlight" (found at a U.S. site while browsing the 'Net, and credited as
being created or modified by "Charles (Chuck) Poynter").
An EUdesign Website