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The object of the game is to 'checkmate' the enemy king, the term checkmate originating from the Persian shah mat ("the king is dead"). The guide includes a few examples of early checkmate:

Famous Mates:
  • Fool's Mate
  • Scholar's Mate
  • Legall's Mate
  • Sea Cadet Mate (Scotch)
  • Boden's Mate (Ruy Lopez)
  • Smothered Mate (KP Game)
  • Smothered Mate (QP Game)
  • Blackburne Shilling Mate
  • "Hippopotamus" Mate
  • Other Short Mates from Traps:
  • In Bird (Williams G.)
  • In Bishop's (Ponziani G.)
  • In Caro-Kann (Two Knights Var.)
  • In Dutch (Korchnoi G.)
  • In Dutch (Staunton G.)
  • In Evans Gambit Decl.
  • In KGA (Abbazia Def.)
  • In KGA (Classical Var.)
  • In KGD (Classical Var.)
  • In Ruy Lopez (Mortimer Trap)
  • In Sicilian (Close Var.)
  • In Three Knights Opg.
  • Other Famous Short Games:
  • Alekhine-Vasic, Banja Luka 1931 (French Winaver: Boden's Mate)
  • Anderssen-Kieseritzsy, London 1851 (KGA: "The Immortal Game")
  • Anderssen-Dufresne, Berlin 1852 (Evans Gambit: "The Evergreen Game")
  • Morphy-Brunswick/Isouard, Paris 1858 (Philidor's Defence: "The Opera Box Game")
  • Reti-Tartakover, Vienna 1908 (Caro-Kann: Trap Variation)
  • Schulder-Boden, London 1853 (Philidor: Boden's Mate)

  • The guide also has two famous examples of successful mating attacks in typical endgame positions:
  • Greco's Mate
  • Philidore's Legacy

  • In an endgame, the minimum of pieces necessary to force checkmate against a solitary king are:
    • Queen alone (aided by the king).
    • Rook alone (aided by the king).
    • Two rooks.
    • Two bishops (aided by the king).
    • Knight and bishop (aided by the king) - rare.
    • Three knights (aided by the king), one promoted - rare.
    When exchanging pieces you must always ensure that you are left with sufficient material with which to checkmate. Against a solitary king you cannot force checkmate with only:
    • One bishop (aided by the king).
    • One knight (aided by the king).
    • Two knights (aided by the king) unless there are other pieces on the board as well.

    Basics Terms.5 - Opening Categories Terms.7 - Foreign Names of Pieces